Archive for the ‘Research Related to Biological Intelligence’ Category

Songbirds use grammar rules

Thursday, August 11th, 2011

Researchers have found that songbirds have something that resembles grammar as we know and are very responsive to rule violation. The birds have a syntax in their tweets, maybe not the same concepts like us (that is nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs and so on), but they have a syntactic structure. Syntax is the study of principles and rules for constructing sentences and grammar rules are a part of syntax.

Language is made up of signs, meanings and a code connecting signs with their meanings. Semiotics is the study that looks at how signs and meanings are combined, used and interpreted ( you can read it up in our paper Semiotics and Intrinsic Semantics).

The research findings are published in Nature and NewScientist.

Browser extension Hyperwords

Wednesday, July 27th, 2011

The browser plugin Hyperwords is based on the research of Doug Engelhbart and turns words and numbers into hyperlinks. Lets first take a look at how to use Hyperwords.




Hyperwords not only lets you jump to another page or another web site (like “normal” hyperlinks). Instead Hyperwords lets you interact with the word in several ways. After selecting text, a small blue ball and then a pop-up menu appear, offering reference, sharing and (currency) conversion, even translation options. These options can be customised and expanded to your taste.

Hyperwords allows us to set in context what we read, associate the words (and numbers) just like in an associative network (See Prof. Dr. Ulrich Reimer explanation of Lightweight Ontologies LWO).

You can download and install Hyperwords on Firefox, Chrome or Safari. Head over to